EN
CN EN
Company News

Media and Resources

Return to the list

How to choose a suitable positioning module for your product?

2022-07-23 09:32:39

When developing IoT devices for positioning applications, the foremost thing to consider is to choose a suitable positioning module for your device. It could be quite complicated in terms of technologies. However, if you understand the following 5 basics about satellite positioning modules, it will be much easier to choose the right one for your application and product.


GPS or GNSS


When it comes to positioning, the first thing we think of is GPS. The American GPS (Global Positioning System) is the first satellite navigation system in the world. As other countries have also fielded their own satellite navigation systems, now there are others with global coverage, including China's Beidou, Russia's GLONASS and Europe's Galileo. In addition, and there are also some regional systems, such as Japan's QZSS and India's IRNSS. GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) does not specifically refer to any single satellite system, but a combination of several of the aforementioned systems and their enhancements.


A GNSS module can capture satellite signals from several different satellite systems, which greatly improves the accuracy and stability of positioning. AIoT applications such as autonomous driving, smart drones and robots, increasingly demand positioning solutions with improved precision. SIMCom GNSS module can provide the accuracy within a few meters required by by these navigation-based applications.



Take SIM68D series as an example, it is a high performance and reliable GNSS module with simultaneous GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, Galileo and QZSS open service capabilities. Utilizing multiple systems ensures the accessibility of signals when interference and obstructions appears, providing increased security and future-proofing features to your products. Combining with advanced AGPS (Assisted GPS) system, SIM68D achieves the highest performance and fully meets all relevant industrial standards.


Single-band or dual-band


Multiple satellite systems increase the sources of signals and therefore improve positioning accuracy. Another viable option to increase positioning accuracy is to increasing frequency diversity. Compared with the single-band positioning modules, dual-band positioning modules can receive satellite signals at two different frequencies. Dual-band technology can effectively decrease errors generated by the atmosphere and improve positioning accuracy.



The SIM68D series supports reception of signals of bands L1 and L5. Band L1 is supported by GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou , Galileo and QZSS.Band L5 is supported by GPS, BeiDou , Galileo and QZSS. As a result, the positioning accuracy is further enhanced due to multiplied signal accesses and multiple frequencies.


Sensitivity


Receiver sensitivity refers to the minimum input signal intensity (power) required for normal operation, which is generally measured in dBm, the smaller the more sensitive. Receiver sensitivity is a core index for the overall performance of a positioning module. The receiver sensitivity of a positioning module is equivalent to the CPU in a mobile phone. The sensitivity of the SIM68D series is generally measured with three sensitivity metrics : tracking (-166dBm), reacquisition ( -160dBm) and initial acquisition or cold starts ( -148dBm), which meets or exceeds the latest industry standards.



Time to First Fix


At least 3 satellites are needed to position an object. To search for the satellite signals and acquire a position takes a certain period of time, which is known as the TTFF (Time to First Fix). It is measured under three different conditions. Cold starts are to search signals without historical data. Warm starts happen when the device has been off for several hours (more than 2 hours) while the data is not outdated. Hot starts mean the data is still valid (normally the device has been off within 2 hours). Usually for a GPS module, Cold starts take more than 40 seconds and around 30 seconds for warm starts. The SIM68D series has decreased the acquisition time to 27s for cold starts and 25s for warm starts.



Accuracy


The ultimate mission of positioning modules is to acquire an object’s position as accurately as possible. Positioning accuracy is the average deviation value from the actual position and is measured in meters. The SIM68D series can achieve an accuracy of 1.5 meters, making it suitable for many applications such as smart wearable devices, fleet management, vehicle navigation, drones, scooter and so on.



Besides these specific features of positioning module, some general factors of wireless modules such as chipset, size, form factor and power consumption should also be considered. SIMCom engineers can assist you with module selection based on your application requirements. We look forward to working with you to ensure a smoother product development cycle and shorter time to market.

Online questions